ON THIS DAY -- NOVEMBER
(Copyright 2004, Literary Liaisons, Ltd. DO NOT REPRODUCE or distribute without permission.)
For a more comprehensive list, including a Year by Year timeline, see our Research Guide.
1st. . .
Cellini, Italian sculptor and goldsmith, born.
Bank of Scotland was founded.
earthquake reduced two thirds of Lisbon to rubble.
About 60,000 people died in the catastrophe.
Canova, Italian Neo-classical sculptor who did several tombs for Popes, born.
Spencer Perceval, British Prime Minister who was assassinated in the House of
Smith opened their first railway bookstall at Euston Station, London, the start
of Britain's first multiple retailer.
Merritt Chase, American portrait and landscape painter, born.
Crane, U.S. author of The Red Badge of
first motoring organization, the American Motor league, was founded.
2nd. . .
V, King of England from April 9 to June 1483, born.
Boone, American frontiersman and hunter, born.
Antoinette, Austrian princess and Queen Consort of Louis XVI of France, born.
Polk, 11th U.S. President, born.
Harding, 29th U.S. President, born.
Britain, photographs of prisoners were taken for the first time, originating the
world's first Rogues Gallery.
Khan III, hereditary head of the Ismailian Muslims, born.
Lind, the 'Swedish Nightingale', died.
North and South Dakota became the 39th and 40th states of
first motor insurance policies were issued in Britain but they excluded damage
caused by frightened horses.
3rd. . .
Ireton, parliamentarian commander of Oliver Cromwell, born.
town of Abruzzi in Italy was destroyed by an earthquake which killed about
Montague, fourth Earl of Sandwich who gave his name to the Sandwich Islands, and
to the 'sandwich' as a result of his reluctance to leave the gaming tables,
Fuller Austin, pioneer colonizer of Texas and founder of the city of Austin,
William Cullen Bryant, American poet, born.
Baedeker, German publisher of guide books, born.
Bellini, Italian opera composer of Norma,
statue was hauled to the top of the column in Trafalgar Square.
journalist, Henry Morton Stanley, met David Livingstone.
4th. . .
III, King of England, Scotland and Ireland, born in Holland.
Montague Toplady, English vicar of Hembury, Devon, and writer of the hymn 'Rock
of Ages', born.
Kean, English Shakespearean tragedian, born.
Rodin, French sculptor and impressionist, born.
Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, German composer and pianist, born.
House of Commons Press Gallery was opened.
first cash register was patented by James Ritty of Dayton, Ohio.
Prince of Wales traveled by Underground electric railway from King William
Street to the Oval to mark the opening of what is now the City Branch of the
Northern Line. This was the first
electrified underground railway system.
5th. . .
Fawkes was betrayed and arrested for trying to blow up the Houses of Parliament
in the Gunpowder Plot. From 1607
on, this date has been known as Guy Fawkes Night and fireworks are set off to
mark the occasion.
Wheeler Wilcox, American poet, born. She is best known for her lines, 'Laugh and
the world laughs with you, Weep and you weep alone.'
Victorian Crosses were won in the defeat of the Russians at the Battle of
M. Tarbell, American writer and historian, born.
Durant, American author, born.
'Greasy' Neale, American football Hall of Famer and creator of the 5-man
defensive line, born.
Loewy, inventor, engineer, and industrial designer, born.
6th. . .
VI was crowned King of England.
Gregory, Scottish mathematician and astronomer, born.
Senefelder, German inventor of lithography, born.
Sax, Belgian musical instrument maker who invented the saxophone, born.
Henry Dow, American financial journalist who with Edward D. Jones inaugurated
the 'Dow-Jones' averages, born.
Philip Sousa, U.S. conductor and composer of marches, born.
Lincoln was elected the 16th U.S. President.
Jan Paderewski, Polish pianist, patriot and statesman, born.
A. Naismith, U.S. inventor of basketball, born.
Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer, died.
7th. . .
Hutchinson, the first female religious leader in the American colonies, is
banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for heresy.
last public hanging in Britain took place at Tyburn, near where Marble Arch now
Dickson White, American diplomatist and historian, and first president of
Cornell University, born.
printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot to death by a mob while trying to protect his
printing shop in Alton, Illinois.
Erie Pocket Lighter, the first ever, was manufactured by the Repeating Light
Company of Springfield, Massachusetts.
Curie, Polish-French physicist and chemist, and co-discoverer of radium, born.
Marie Celeste sailed from New York to be found abandoned some time
Meitner, Austrian physicist and co-discoverer of nuclear fission, born.
four and one half years' work, the last spike was driven to complete the
Canadian Pacific Railway.
8th. . .
Halley, English astronomer and mathematician, born.
Milton, blind English poet of Paradise
Louvre was opened to the public by the revolutionary government.
Benjamin Hall, commissioner of works at the time of Big Ben's installation and
from whom the clock gets its name, born.
Stoker, Irish author of Dracula, born.
Sayers, English pugilist who took part in the first international heavyweight
Austin, later Baron Austin, English motor car manufacturer, born.
Arnold Bax, English composer and Master of the King's Music, born.
became the 41st state of the Union.
Rontgen discovered X-rays during an experiment at the University of Wurzburg.
Nov 9th. . .
Parish Lovejoy, Illinois newspaper publisher and abolitionist, born.
Turgenev, Russian playwright and novelist, born.
Edward VII, eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, born.
Edinburgh, Dr. James Young Simpson delivered Wilhemina Carstairs while
chloroform was administered to the mother, the first child to be born with the
aid of anesthesia.
New York Symphony Orchestra gave its first concert under Leopold Damrosch.
this day, flogging was no longer permitted in the British Army.
Herbert Thomas Kalmus, U.S. inventor of Technicolor, born.
3:30 a.m. in London's Whitechapel, 25-year-old Mary Kelly became Jack the
Ripper's last known victim.
10th. . .
Luther, German religious reformer, born.
Couperin, French composer and harpsichordist, born.
II, King of England, born.
Hogarth, English painter best known for his series, "The
Rake's Progress," born.
Goldsmith, Irish poet and novelist of The
Vicar of Wakefield, born.
Cristoph Friedrich von Schiller, German poet and playwright, born.
Morton Stanley finally made contact with Scottish missionary David Livingstone
Jacob Epstein, British sculptor, born in the United States.
Daimler, son of German engineer Gottlieb Daimler, became the first motor-cyclist
when he rode his father's new invention on a round trip of six miles.
11th. . .
Antoine de Bougainville, first Frenchman to circumnavigate the world, born.
Smith Adams, wife of 2nd President John Adams and mother of John
Quincy Adams, 6th U.S. President, born.
Dostoevsky, Russian novelist of Crime and
Bailey Aldrich, American author and poet, and editor of Atlantic
Edouard Vuillard, French painter, born.
Australian bank robber Ned Kelly was hanged in Melbourne for the murder of two
constables. He was 25 years of age.
George Patton, American soldier, born.
became the 42nd state of the Union.
12th. . .
II, King of England and Denmark, died.
Vernon, English admiral, born.
Alexandre Cesar Charles, French scientist who invented and flew in the first
hydrogen balloon, born.
Cady Stanton, American leader in the cause of equal rights for women, born.
Borodin, Russian composer, born.
Rodin, French sculptor of The Thinker
and The Kiss, born.
Rayleigh, English physicist and Nobel prize winner, born.
made his debut in Paris on the flying trapeze.
Elizabeth Gaskell, English author of Cranford,
Yat-sen, first president of the Republic of China, born.
13th. . .
III, King of England who was defeated by the Scots at Bannockburn, born.
Frederick Worth, Anglo-French costumier and leading designer of his day, born.
Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist and mathematical genius, born.
Booth, American tragedian and founder of the Players Club in New York City,
Louis Stevenson, Scottish author of Treasure
telegraphic service between London and Paris began operating.
Drew, American actor and producer, born.
Peel, English farmer and huntsman featured in the song 'D'ye ken John Peel',
Dembitz Brandeis, American jurist and author, born.
14th. . .
Gwynn, English actress and mistress of Charles II, died.
Mozart, Austrian composer and father of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, born.
de Keroualle, Duchess of Portsmouth and mistress of Charles II, died.
Fulton, U.S. engineer who developed the first commercially viable steamboat,
explorer James Bruce discovered the source of the Blue Nile in Ethiopia.
Monet, French Impressionist painter, born.
Baekeland, U.S. chemist who invented the first commercial plastic, born in
Bly, female reporter, set sail from New York to beat Fogg's 80 days to go around
the world. She did it in 72 days.
Frederick Grant Banting, Canadian physician who with Charles Best discovered
speed limit for horseless carriages in Britain was raised from 4 m.p.h. to 14
15th. . .
of Braganza, Queen to Charles II, born.
Pitt the Elder, 1st Earl of Chatham and British Prime Minister, born.
Cowper, English poet and hymn-writer, born.
William Herschel, German astronomer who discovered Uranus, born.
Articles of Confederation of the union of the United States of America were
adopted by the Congress of Philadelphia.
Romney, English portrait painter, died.
Pike, American explorer, discovered Pikes Peak.
Pitman published details of his short-hand system.
Hauptmann, German playwright and novelist, born.
Sherman began his march from Atlanta to Savannah, scorching the earth in his
became a republic on Pedro II's abdication following a revolution.
16th. . .
Claudius Nero, second Roman emperor, born.
le Rond d'Alembert, French author and mathematician, born.
Sheppard, Stepney-born highwayman, was hanged at Tyburn in front of 200,000
John Thoms, English writer and bibliographer who originated the word 'folklore',
Bright, English statesman, reformer and orator, born.
explorer Hamilton Hume discovered the Murray River, the longest in Australia.
Frend De Morgan, English novelist, artist and Pre-Raphaelite, born.
Chopin gave his last public performance at London's Guildhall.
formal opening of the Suez Canal took place.
Christopher Handy, American composer of St.
Louis Blues, born.
17th. . .
I, Mary Tudor, English queen known as 'Bloody Mary', died.
trial of Sir Walter Raleigh began. Falsely
accused of treason, he denied his part in the plot to put Arabella Stuart,
cousin of James I, on the throne.
XVIII, first King of France after the fall of Napoleon, born.
U.S. Congress met for the first time and John Adams became the first president
to move into the Executive Mansion, now known as the White House.
first cycle road race, 83 miles from Paris to Rouen, was won by England's James
Suez Canal was opened for use after the formal opening the previous day.
first three women to graduate in Britain received their Bachelor of Arts degrees
at London University.
Marshal Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, English soldier, born.
18th. . .
Roman emperor who consolidated the empire, born.
published the first dated book printed in England, the Dictes
or Sayengis of the Philosophres, was published.
Peter's in Rome was consecrated.
David Wilkie, Scottish artist and official painter to William IV, born.
von Weber, German composer, born.
Daguerre, French photographic pioneer, born.
W.S. Gilbert, English librettist and humorist who collaborated with Sir Arthur
Sullivan to produce light operas, born.
state funeral of the Duke of Wellington took place in London.
Jan Paderewski, Polish pianist and composer, born.
time went into effect in the United States.
19th. . .
I, King of England and Scotland, born.
1703--The Man in the Iron Mask, the subject of a novel by Alexandre Dumas, died
this day a prisoner in the Bastille. His
identity has never been revealed.
Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat and engineer who supervised the
construction of the Suez Canal, born.
Schubert, prolific Austrian composer, died of typhus.
Garfield, 20th U.S. president, born.
Lord Tennyson became Poet Laureate.
Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg address at the dedication of the National
Bingham, archaeologist and U.S. senator, born.
first color supplement was published in the Sunday New
20th. . .
British fleet under Admiral Hawke defeated the French at the Battle of Quiberon
Bay and thwarted an invasion of England.
Samuel Cunard, shipowner who with two partners established the Cunard Line, born
in Nova Scotia.
first performance of Beethoven's Fidelio
took place in Vienna.
Bolivar declared Venezuela independent from Spain.
whaler Essex, while hunting sperm
whale near the western coast of South America, became the first American vessel
sunk by a whale.
Francis Lyte, Scottish composer of 'Abide With Me', died.
University, the first university for African-American students, was founded in
Washington, D.C., as the Howard Theological Seminary.
Hubble, American scientist who gave his name to a law concerning the universe,
21st. . .
Mayflower Compact was signed, which provided a government 'for the good of all'.
French philosopher and satirist, born.
Purcell, English composer of 'Nymphs and Shepherds', born.
first free-flight was made by Jean de Rosier and the Marquis d'Arlandes in the
Montgolfier brother's hot air balloon.
Carolina became the 12th state of the Union.
Faraday read his first series of papers at the Royal Society of London on
'Experimental Research in Electricity'.
Adelaide Marie Louise, Princess Royal and first child of Queen Victoria and
Prince Albert, born.
Hancock patented vulcanized rubber.
Leslie Ward, English caricaturist, born.
Arthur Quiller-Couch, editor of The Oxford Book of English Verse, born.
22nd. . .
navigator Vasco da Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope in his search for a route
Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, French explorer in America, born.
Teach, English pirate who sailed under the name of Blackbeard, was killed off
the coast of North Carolina.
Clive, English soldier and administrator in India, died from an overdose of
Cook, English travel agent who pioneered the tour business, born.
Ann Evans, English author of The Mill on
the Floss who assumed the pen name George Eliot, born.
transport was introduced by Pickford's by agreement with the Liverpool &
Manchester Railway Company.
James Sharp, founder of the English Folk Dancing Society, born.
23rd. . .
Warbeck, Flemish imposter claiming to be Richard, Duke of York who had been
murdered in the Tower, was hanged at the Tower of London.
Tallis, the 'the father of English cathedral music', died.
first performance of Moliere's Le
Bourgeois Gentilhomme took place in Paris.
Pierce, 14th U.S. President, born.
first pillar boxes were erected in St. Helier in the Channel Islands for the
postal service, as there were no receiving offices for people in distant parts
of the town.
H. Bonney, U.S. outlaw known as 'Billy the Kid', born.
Poulsen, Danish engineer who invented the tape recorder, born.
Karloff, English actor who went to the U.S via Canada, born.
first juke box was installed in Palais Royal Saloon in San Francisco.
24th. . .
River Thames froze over, then again in 1715,
it froze hard enough for a Frost Fair to be held on the ice.
Knox, founder of the Scottish Presbyterianism, died.
navigator Abel Tasman discovered Van Dieman's Land, which was later renamed
Sterne, Irish clergyman and author, born.
Taylor, 12th U.S. President and soldier, born.
Darling, English lighthouse keeper's daughter who rowed out in a storm to rescue
survivors of the Farfarshire, born.
Melbourne, twice British Prime Minister, died.
Hodgson Burnett, English-born novelist of The
Secret Garden, born.
controversial Origin of the Species
de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter and lithographer, born.
Joplin, American pianist and ragtime composer, born.
25th. . .
I's only legitimate son, William, was drowned when the ship carrying him from
Normandy to England sank off Barfleur. This
set up a conflict for the English crown between Stephen and Henry's daughter
de Vega, Spanish dramatist and poet, born.
Kemble, English actor and manager, born.
troops evacuated New York.
Carnegie, U.S. industrialist and philanthropist, born in Scotland, the son of a
Benz, German engineer and motor car pioneer, born.
Woolf, English publisher and husband of novelist Virginia Woolf, born.
milk was patented by John Mayenberg of St. Louis, Missouri.
Marshall became the first person in Britain to receive a parking summons after
leaving his car in Tokenhouse Yard in the City of London.
26th. . .
Harvard, English scholar and minister who emigrated to America and became the
chief founder of Harvard College, born.
Winstanley, English engineer who built the first Eddystone lighthouse, was among
those who died this day when it was destroyed in a gale.
Cowper, English poet and hymn writer, born.
harvest of 1623 was first celebrated nationally in America.
The day was a Thursday, and Thanksgiving Day has been celebrated annually
on the last Thursday in November since then.
George Armstrong, English inventor of hydraulic equipment, born.
Mason introduced the first trams in New York running the Prince Street-14th
Louden McAdam, Scottish road surface inventor, died.
Lily Maxwell of Manchester cast her vote in a parliamentary election after her
name had been placed on the register in error.
27th. . .
or about this day William Shakespeare, aged 18, married Anne Hathaway.
Celsius, Swedish astronomer who devised the Celsius thermometer, born.
R. Livingston, New York lawyer, statesman and diplomat, born.
Robinson, English actress and writer, and mistress of the Prince Regent, born.
Kemble, English actress, born.
Meikle, Scottish agricultural engineer who invented the threshing machine, died.
Weizmann, first president of Israel, born in Russia.
Austin Beard, American historian and political scientist, born.
28th. . .
Baptiste Lully, Italian composer and music master to the French Royal Family,
Royal Society was founded in London.
Blake, mystic and visionary English poet, born.
George Manby, English inventor of life saving equipment, born.
Engels, German political thinker who worked with Marx on the Communist Manifesto, born.
Wesley Hyatt, U.S. inventor who discovered a process for making celluloid, born.
Irving, U.S. author of Rip van Winkle,
in New Zealand went to the polls in a general election, the first in the world
to do so.
world's first Labour Prime Minister took office.
29th. . .
Wolsey, English Cardinal and Lord Chancellor, died en route from York to London.
Theresa, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, died.
Donizetti, Italian composer of operas, born.
Johann Doppler, Austrian physicist, born.
May Alcott, U.S. author of Little Women,
dowager empress of China, born.
John Ambrose Fleming, English electrical engineer, born.
troops mounted a surprise attack on unarmed Indians at Sand Creek, ignoring the
U.S. flag and white flag displayed by their chief, Black Kettle. The troops slaughtered 400 men, women and children, setting
off the Arapaho-Cheyenne war.
Greeley, U.S. editor and founder of the New
York Tribune, died.
S. Lewis, scholar and author, born in Belfast.
30th. . .
Palladio, Italian architect of the Villa Rotonda, born.
Philip Sidney, English poet and soldier, born.
Swift, Irish writer of Gulliver's Travels,
Temple, 95th archbishop of Canterbury, born.
Langhorne Clemens, alias Mark Twain, American writer and creator of 'Tom Sawyer'
and 'Huckleberry Finn', born.
I's remains were returned from St. Helena to Paris.
Brazil, English writer of school stories for girls, born.
first international football match was played, with Scotland opposing England in
Glasgow. The match was drawn with
no goals scored.
Maud Montgomery, Canadian author of Anne
of Green Gables, born.
Churchill, British statesman and Prime Minister, born.